chapter  4
The Self and Kagwahiv Dreams 1
ByWaud Kracke
Pages 12

The self is an elusive concept, yet one that is at the heart of the question of the relationship between psychology and culture. It was a central concept for Hallowell’s thought, and his seminal article on it (Hallowell, 1955a) probes many of its complexities, which have become focal in present-day psychoanalytic discussion (Kohut, 1971, 1977; Winnicott 1960). For most of us, the self is at — or is — the center of the experienced world that is the domain of introspective psychology. And when it is not — when the very sense of being a self is problematic — that lack constitutes the most profound kind of psychological pathology, leading to a disruption of the ability to participate in social life. At the same time, sociologists, since George Herbert Mead, have insisted that the self is itself socially patterned, modeled on others’ reactions to one and expectations of one.