chapter  9
Behavioral Evolution Beyond the Advent of Culture
ByTheodore Schwartz
Pages 32

Hallowell pioneered in the conceptualization of “behavioral evolution” leading to the emergence of a species possessing the capacity for culture. He was clearly among the “incompleteness” theorists and philosophers (Schwartz, in press), who conceived of human nature as incomplete without the inclusion of social and cultural components. However, Hallowell did not pursue the further behavioral evolution of human nature through the evolution of its cultural constituent. I will consider the difficulties that Hallowell found with cultural evolution and its implications for the further cultural evolution of human intellect and personality. I will argue that these difficulties have been, or can be, overcome and I will indicate some of the lines of that further behavioral evolution from which Hallowell appears to have recoiled. 1