chapter  3
Argumentative Reasoning
Pages 15

Argumentative reasoning is, therefore, pivotal for academic success and necessary for successful functioning in a democratic society (Kuhn, 2005; Newell et al., 2011). The importance of developing argumentative reasoning is reflected in recent curricular reforms and policy initiatives in the United States, such as the Common Core State Standards (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010), which emphasize the importance of the ability to comprehend arguments during reading and to construct arguments during writing. Nevertheless, national US data show that only 5 percent of twelfth graders can evaluate and recognize arguments at an advanced level (National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2013), suggesting that argumentative reasoning does not develop to sufficient levels without explicit instruction.