The perspective that couples a focus on individual learners (their heredity, experiences, perspectives, backgrounds, talents, interests, capacities, and needs) with a focus on learning (the best available knowledge about learning and how it occurs and about teaching practices that are most effective in promoting the highest levels of motivation, learning, and achievement for all learners). (p. 9) [emphases added]
Furthermore, that task force (American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Psychology in Education, 1993) produced a report that identified 12 learner-centered psychological principles (see Table 1.1). Research upon which those principles are founded is reviewed by McCombs (1994) and Lambert and McCombs (1998). Additional supporting research is reviewed by Bransford, Brown and Cocking (2000).