UNIT 2: More Detailed Designs for the Learner-Centered
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In Unit 2 we present five instructional designs that elaborate on the fundamental principles of learner-centered instruction in a variety of educational settings across K-12 and higher education. Each of these designs incorporates one or more of the five universal learner-centered design principles described in Chapter 1, but none of them incorporates all. We’ve also included a chapter at the end of Unit 2 that describes the design of a Personalized Integrated Educational System (PIES) that would provide the technology backbone to support a truly learner-centered instructional system that implements all five universal learner-centered design principles. Though PIES has not yet been built as an integrated whole, as you read this chapter you should recognize several components that do already exist in disparate systems and some components that may yet need to be created.