chapter  7
Context and Working Time: Diversity in Practice
Pages 14

This chapter compares the nature and extent of non-standard working time between liberal market (LMEs) and coordinated market economies (CMEs) in Europe. It also explores differences and commonalities in the usage of overtime, shift working and weekend working, controlling for sector, organizational size, and the presence of unions and collective bargaining. The chapter compares the implicit and explicit predictions of the literature on comparative capitalism as to the nature and extent of non-standard working time. After a brief review of the specific methods of data analysis deployed, the chapter presents empirical findings, based on the Cranet surveys. It also focuses on the more mature capitalist archetypes, and hence makes use of the LME dichotomy. The chapter recognizes that there is room for more detailed analysis of the differences between continental 'Rhineland' and Scandinavian capitalism, these economies shares a tendency to more centralized bargaining, and industry-wide cooperation rather than adversarial competition, both of which would help maintain working standards.