There is also no doubt that education is a human right, as declared by the United Nations early in its existence (1948). The problem is that what was in mind was formal education, with basic schooling as the minimum, but schooling is not the same as education. Indeed it is only a small part of the education of an individual and then only if it can be obtained at all. Successive Global Monitoring Reports (GMRs), covering the progress of the international policy Education for All (EFA) since the onset of the third millennium, continue to show that many countries have yet to achieve universal basic education. Gender parity at that level, a Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for 2015, is also far from being achieved.