This chapter concentrates on exchanges and cooperation among actors in the South specifically between Brazil and Mozambique at the urban level, to begin exploring and understanding their impact on urban development in such contexts. Although Mozambique, like many other Sub-Saharan African countries, is not a largely urbanized country as of yet, it is nonetheless a compelling site for the study of South-South Cooperation (SSC) that targets urban development. The positive development outlook in Mozambique has for over a decade caught the attention of the international development community, where professional employment positions posted in Maputo are anecdotally looked upon with relative favor among other cities. One of the largest dedicated urban development SSC projects to date is one that is led in part by the Brazilian mayors association. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the outstanding implications of SSC for urban development, contending that it promotes a productive proximate peer learning environment.