chapter  1
Introduction
ByCarlos Nunes Silva
Pages 7

From the beginning, government directives regarding architecture and urban planning were very generic, as precedence was given to decisions regarding other matters: the occupation of Ethiopia which had to be completed, the exploitation of the opportunities for work, raw materials offered by the colony, and the building of the road network which was practically non-existent at the time of the Italian occupation. Guido Ferrazza and Gherardo Bosio were responsible for the majority of town plans and architectural projects. The third key principle in planning the towns of East Africa was their subdivision into different zones of usage, to ensure construction was compliant with the application of the functional zoning method proposed by the International Congresses on Modern Architecture (CIAM) discourse on Urbanism. The architectural style of Asmara newly built nucleus, for which detailed plans were drawn, was to be homogeneous and to act as a guideline for the surrounding buildings.