Homo athleticus: the educational roles of extracurricular clubs in Japanese schools
Extracurricular clubs (especially sports clubs) are widely believed to be an important part of education in Japan, but until now there have been almost no studies empirically verifying either the content of that edu cation or the extent to which it takes place. The aim of this study is to address the following questions: If extracurricular clubs are indeed ‘educa tional,’ then what is taught or learned in such clubs? Do students who join clubs exhibit different behaviors or beliefs from nonclub members? How do individual clubs compare with one another?