An Organizational Systems Approach for the Implementation and Transfer of Training
Training activities are embedded within the context of the organization as a dynamic, multilevel system. Interestingly, training research has largely neglected the research and practical implications of this theoretical perspective. Indeed, one of the more consistent criticisms of the field has been its insular nature and the relative lack of emphasis on theory development (Campbell, 1971; Goldstein, 1980; Latham, 1988; Wexley, 1984). Training has generally been slow to integrate theoretical concepts from other research areas. In addition, the training literature is characterized by a micro orientation. Linkages among training activities, the organizational system, and its processes have received little attention.