chapter  2
28 Pages

Task Analysis and Cognitive Theory: Controlled and Automatic Processing Task Analytic Methodology

ByWendy Rogers, Todd Maurer, Eduardo Salas, Arthur Fisk

This chapter presents how individual and situational influences are likely to impact the effectiveness of training through their impact on trainees motivations. It focuses on the conceptual model of training motivation and effectiveness in context is developed. The chapter considers these effects on training motivation in terms of Murrays manifest needs, the Big Five personality dimensions, and learning orientations. The valence-instrumentality-expectancy (VIE) approach is better suited for predicting choices between discrete alternatives, such as whether to participate in a voluntary training program. Tannenbaum, Mathieu, Salas, and Cannon-Bowers provided an example of the complex nature of the relationship between work-related attitudes and training effectiveness. Although situational constraints describe physical aspects of the work environment that should be considered, interpersonal or social psychological forces also operate and influence training effectiveness. Situational constraints can be defined as characteristics of the environment that interfere with or restrict individuals performance.