chapter  12
16 Pages

The Limits of Law: Social Rights and Urban Development

ByErica Emdon

Over the past decade, South Africa has undergone a transition fromparliamentary sovereignty to constitutionalism. This transition has involved the extension of the three components of citizenship-civil, political, and social-to the previously disenfranchised black majority. The civil component refers to the rights necessary for individual freedom: free speech, freedom of faith, property rights, the right to contract, and the right to fair justice. The political component involves the right to participate in political power. The social component includes rights to economic welfare, education, and social services (Marshall, 1964:71).