chapter  2
40 Pages

Cargoes and Vessels

The process of marine cargo management is both complex and time-consuming. It involves a variety of means of maritime transport and shipment, although, if it is carried out correctly and accurately, it can save a great deal of unnecessary delay and inconvenience to all parties concerned. Cargo management is controlled internationally by a series of conventions and regulations made and imposed by international maritime authorities. The rules and regulations are created for a prime purpose, to ensure that maritime cargo is carried safely and efficiently. However, there is evidence that such rules are either overlooked or ignored by many commercial entities concerning the carriage of goods by sea. The process of marine cargo management is influenced by several factors. Some of the factors include: details of the consignor, the destination of the cargo, the nature of the cargo, international and national legal, economic and political requirements, and customs clearance and duties.