Urban Corporate Governance and the Shaping of Medieval Towns
This chapter examines what has become a major phenomenon in Auckland and Wellington-waterfront redevelopment. It describes the changing waterfront landscapes and seeks to explain the physical changes in terms of the key morphological agencies at work and their evolving roles in the development and implementation of waterfront planning and design. This is particularly well illustrated in New Zealand, where the commercial waterfronts of Auckland and Wellington were created mainly from land reclamation schemes after the mid-nineteenth century and largely retained their original land uses until the late 1980s. The consequences of this neo-liberal shift have become especially evident in the early waterfront redevelopment in Auckland, for example, the Princes Wharf and Viaduct Basin projects, in which developer-driven market processes have been dominant. The early growth of many towns and cities in New Zealand was fundamentally influenced by maritime history. Waterfront areas, therefore, have always been essential in the economic and socio-cultural development of the country.