The Syrian Orthodox Church
With the break-up of the Ottoman Empire, a new map largely replaced the centuries-old demography of the Syrian Orthodox and the Syrian Catholic communities in southeast Turkey. Many people went to the newly formed Iraq, others went to Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. However, following the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, Syrian Orthodox and Syrian Catholic communities living in Palestine, principally in Jerusalem and Bethlehem, were forced to fl ee their homes. The June War of 1967, as well as the First and Second Intifadas, also caused many of the Syrian Orthodox who had settled in Israel and the West bank to relocate once again. Many people also fl ed the Civil War in Lebanon (1975-90).