Older People, Population Ageing, and Policy Responses
The chapter begins with a discussion of population ageing, adopting a critical stance with respect to the causes and consequences that are claimed in dominant public discourse. It then discusses the idea of generational fairness and its consequences in terms of relations between generations. It then proceeds to critically examine the emergence of the key ideas of older people’s independence and active ageing as responses to the ageing population. Finally, it examines how the current problematisation of population ageing, and its associated ideas of generational fairness, independence, and active ageing play out in recent policies with respect to pensions and work for older people. Again, it invites consideration of the broader social consequences of pension reform and the extension of labour market participation into older age.