chapter  11
16 Pages

The New Death among IV Drug Users

Intravenous (IV) d rug users are the second largest g roup o f persons to have developed AIDS in the U nited States and Europe. O f the 33,720 cases o f AIDS in the U nited States, 5565 (17%) are am ong heterosexual IV d ru g users and 2550 (8%) are am ong male homosexual/bisexual IV d rug users (reported th rough 6 April 1987).1 In Europe, 600 (15%) o f the 3898 cases have IV d ru g use as their prim ary risk factor, and 98 (3%) have IV d ru g use and male hom osexual activity as risk behavior (reported th rough 31 Dec. 1987).2 T he m etropolitan New York area has by far the greatest concentration o f AIDS cases in which IV d ru g use is the prim ary risk factor, with 3248 cases in New York and 901 cases in New Jersey. These two states account for 75% of all U.S. cases in which IV d rug use is the prim ary risk behavior.