chapter  I
12 Pages

DSM-IV and ICD-10

The DSM received criticism from abroad because of its departure from the structure of International Classification of Disease (ICD), the nomenclature developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for classification of disease. ICD terminology is acceptable to most U.S. hospitals and third-party providers. The most recent edition, ICD-10, was approved for publication by WHO in 1990 with implementation and final draft following by 1993. There is also a version with research diagnositc criteria, DCR-10, which is most similar to DSM-IV. DSM-IV and ICD-10 use more similar categories and descriptions than their predecessors, DSM-III, DSMIII-R, and ICD-9, because of concerted efforts to improve interna­ tional psychiatric exchange.