The Functional Bases of Small Towns
This chapter discusses the corporate rather than the real city. Commencing at the corporate boundary line of the "city", residential development describes the most obvious land use. This residential function was the earliest expression of extension of the city into its hinterland. In any case, the hinterland often escapes the problems and the "costs of doing business" of the city, thereby permitting a friendly tax environment, enriching the hinterland and possibly adding to the financial problems of the city. There is one other major force at work between the locus of manufacturing and a city hinterland spatial arrangement, labor. The labor force is dispersed and perhaps most important is mobile. The automobile, the truck, and improved highways have indeed permitted and encouraged the diffusion of the manufacturing function beyond the corporate city and beyond the dominant influence of navigable water and railroad lines. There is a stress in most manufacturing production lines on single story operations.