chapter  4
12 Pages

Franco, the Spanish Falange and the Institutionalisation of Mission Stanley G. Payne

The original fascist movement in Spain never enjoyed very effective leadership, even though its chief became the object of a major charismatic cult after his violent, premature death. Despite this weakness, after it had been subsumed within the Franco regime, Falangism became the longest-lived of all fascist-type movements.1 The Franco regime, in turn, was one of the longest non-communist authoritarian regimes, and also the most successful, judged not simply in terms of its longevity but also in terms of factors such as ultimate economic development.