chapter  5
40 Pages

REGIONAL DYNAMICS OF NEGOTIATIONS. THE FRONTLINE STATES AND NAMIBIA. 1976-81

Following the independence of Angola, the Namibian conflict intensified on the local level while attempts to reach a solution were made simultaneously inside Namibia, on the international as well as on the regional levels. SWAPO who could now rely on rear bases in Angola, was able to step up considerably its armed struggle, leading to an escalation of the conflict with South Africa and the further militarization of Namibia. Con­ comitantly, the South Africans increased their efforts to control Namibian decolonization through political means, notably by weakening SWAPO as a political force in favour of pro-South African political parties willing to accept a South African con­ trolled transition to independence on Pretoria's terms.