Reproduced in: Martin Minogue and Judith Molloy (eds), African Aims and Attitudes. Selected Documents, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1974.
[ . . . ]17 Just as a settlement of the Rhodesian problem with a mini mum of violence is a British responsibility, so a settlement in SouthWest Africa with a minimum of violence is a United Nation's responsi bility. By every canon of international law, and by every precedent, South-West Africa should by now have been a sovereign, independent State with a Government based on majority rule. South-West Africa was a German colony until 1919, just as Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi, Togoland, and Cameroon were German colonies. It was a matter of European politics that when the Mandatory System was established after Germany had been defeated, the administration of South-West Africa was given to the white minority Government of South Africa, while the other ex-German colonies in Africa were put into the hands of the British, Belgian, or French Governments. After the Second World War every mandated territory except South-West Africa was converted into a Trusteeship Territory and has sub sequently gained independence. South Africa, on the other hand, has persistently refused to honour even the international obligation it accepted in 1919, and has increasingly applied to South-West Africa the inhuman doctrines and organisation of apartheid.