chapter  1
2 Pages


Reproduced in: Martin Minogue and Judith Molloy (eds), African Aims and Attitudes. Selected Documents, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1974.

[ . . . ]17 Just as a settlement of the Rhodesian problem with a mini­ mum of violence is a British responsibility, so a settlement in SouthWest Africa with a minimum of violence is a United Nation's responsi­ bility. By every canon of international law, and by every precedent, South-West Africa should by now have been a sovereign, independent State with a Government based on majority rule. South-West Africa was a German colony until 1919, just as Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi, Togoland, and Cameroon were German colonies. It was a matter of European politics that when the Mandatory System was established after Germany had been defeated, the administration of South-West Africa was given to the white minority Government of South Africa, while the other ex-German colonies in Africa were put into the hands of the British, Belgian, or French Governments. After the Second World War every mandated territory except South-West Africa was converted into a Trusteeship Territory and has sub­ sequently gained independence. South Africa, on the other hand, has persistently refused to honour even the international obligation it accepted in 1919, and has increasingly applied to South-West Africa the inhuman doctrines and organisation of apartheid.