chapter  4
A different kind of social enterprise: social cooperatives and the development of civic capital in Italy
ByVanna A. Gonzales
Pages 26

Much has been written about the weakness of Italian civil society. Anglo-American scholarship in particular has focused a great deal on Italy’s propensity for amoral individualism, familialism, and social hierarchy-characteristics frequently linked to a host of economic and political dysfunctions (Banfield, 1958; Chubb, 1982; Davis, 1973; Putnam, 1993). Less recognized are the vibrant social movements Italy has spawned, particularly its student and worker movements of the late 1960s and 1970s, the deinstitutionalization movement of the 1980s, and the more recent flourishing of its third sector.