Explanatory Style and Achievement in School and Work
Research since 1 980 has supported the theory that explanatory style predicts achievement in various domains, such as in school , work, sports, and politics . In this chapter, I first discuss the attributional reformulation of the learned help lessness theory and how it relates to achievement. Second, I review related theories of achievement. Third, I review four studies relating explanatory style to school achievement and four studies relating explanatory style to work achieve ment. Finally, I discuss the implications of this research for school intervention programs and corporate selection, placement, and training programs. Later chap ters in this section discuss the role of explanatory style in sports and pol itics, and cross-cultural differences in explanatory style.