chapter  9
14 Pages

Explanatory Style and Achievement in School and Work

Research since 1 980 has supported the theory that explanatory style predicts achievement in various domains, such as in school , work, sports, and politics . In this chapter, I first discuss the attributional reformulation of the learned help­ lessness theory and how it relates to achievement. Second, I review related theories of achievement. Third, I review four studies relating explanatory style to school achievement and four studies relating explanatory style to work achieve­ ment. Finally, I discuss the implications of this research for school intervention programs and corporate selection, placement, and training programs. Later chap­ ters in this section discuss the role of explanatory style in sports and pol itics, and cross-cultural differences in explanatory style.