The Neoliberal Turn in US Higher Education: Implications for Indian F-1 Students’ Negotiations of Belonging
In recent decades, the inﬂ uence of globalization on institutions of higher education can be clearly seen, most visibly in the growing numbers of students crossing national borders to pursue educational degrees. While the global migration of students is certainly not a new phenomenon, the scale of these migrations has undeniably grown, primarily as a result of universities’ increased commitment to “internationalize” their campuses (Altbach and Knight 2006; De Wit 2002). Perceived as a necessity to survive in and reap the beneﬁ ts of a globalized world (Altbach and Knight 2006), universities are enhancing their internationalization eff orts, which involve various strategies including raising enrollments of students from abroad. A highly lucrative enterprise, the global market for educating overseas students is becoming more competitive, with some nations aggressively expanding their international programs and actively developing plans and strategies to promote foreign enrollment at their universities (Altbach 2004; Bevis and Lucas 2007; NAFSA 2006).