chapter  1
16 Pages


Nature of environmental impact assessment Environmental impact assessment (EIA) refers to the evaluation of the effects likely to arise from a major project (or other action) significantly affecting the natural and man-made environment. Consultation and participation are integral to this evaluation. EIA is a systematic and integrative process, first developed in the United States as a result of the National Environmental Policy Act 1969 (NEPA), for considering possible impacts prior to a decision being taken on whether or not a proposal should be given approval to proceed. NEPA requires, inter alia, the publication of an environmental impact statement (EIS) describing in detail the environmental impacts likely to arise from an action.