EIA in the UK
The UK has possessed a land-use planning system since 1948 which allows substantial discretion in the consideration of the environmental implications of new development. It is possible for local planning authorities (LPAs) to prepare plans in which environmental policies are emphasised and to refuse development, or to impose conditions to planning permissions, for environmental reasons. LPAs can thus make a powerful contribution to environmental protection by determining the nature and location of new development and redevelopment (Wood, 1999a). They are now being encouraged to use their long-standing powers actively to assist in environmental protection as an integral part of planning for sustainable development (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions - DETR, 1999a).