Coverage of EIA systems
Coverage of actions and impacts The National Environmental Policy Act 1969 (NEPA) applies to public actions by the federal government. These actions include the granting of permits for private actions. 'Actions' also include the making of plans and the enactment of legislation but one of the main intentions of the Act was clearly to ensure that the projects initiated by federal government were environmentally acceptable. In practice, the overwhelming emphasis of NEPA application has been upon projects, many of them public. From the outset, the word 'environment' was defined to include social and economic impacts, as well as physical environmental impacts (pollution, effects on ecology, etc.). The coverage of later EIA systems has sometimes, but by no means always, followed the precedent set by NEP A.