CHAPTER 5 Identities Bettina van Hoven
To help you develop an image of the countries discussed in this book, you will be asked to ﬁnd relevant facts or statistics at the beginning of each chapter and compare these with the situation in your own country. We recommend that you prepare a spreadsheet ﬁle as shown below, which can be expanded by adding a new worksheet for every chapter. In most chapters, you will be asked to ﬁnd data from the ‘mid 1980s’ and ‘recent’, meaning the most recent data you can ﬁnd. In Germany and the former Czechoslovakia, political changes led to a redrawing of these national territories: the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) were uniﬁed in 1990, whilst Czechoslovakia was split into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. Keep this in mind as you draw conclusions from your ﬁndings. You may also wish to add countries not represented in this book, for example the Baltic or Balkan States, to get a better notion of the extent and variety of transition experiences.