Commentary on ‘International frameworks for psychology education and training’
When psychology as an academic science came into existence in the late nineteenth century, it was almost instantaneously international. For example, people from various countries across the world went to study under Wilhelm Wundt at his institute in Germany, so that when they returned home, a social network had been established. This process of collaboration enabled further internationalization through congresses held in different countries that brought together the elite of the discipline. A short time later, however, especially with the emergence of applied psychology, it became clear that psychology is embedded in cultural traditions and needs related to economy and welfare; a view that promoted an emphasis on the national context. A distinction in the traditions between basic and applied psychology can still be seen today in publication patterns – more international, in English, in basic science vs. more national, in the heritage language, among applied psychologists. Note, however, that some international psychology organizations, such as the International Association for Applied Psychology, were founded in the early 1900s, indicating that the wish to communicate across borders existed in all branches of classical psychology.