Towards an understanding of Complete Streets: equity, justice, and sustainability
We began our book by asking whether Complete Streets narratives, policies, plans, and efforts as envisioned and implemented might be systematically reproducing and even amplifying many of the urban spatial and social inequalities and injustices that have characterized cities for the last century or more. We also argued that there are important missing people-namely people of color, immigrants, the poor, and other historically disenfranchised individuals-in popular narratives of Complete Streets. The overwhelming majority of our authors have laid out evidence that there are “silent” or “silenced” voices and there is indeed reproduction, and in some cases an ampliﬁcation or deepening, of inequalities/injustices. In supporting our introductory ideas they have helped problematize the Complete Streets concept in one or more of three ways, each of which raises concerns about the prospects for equity, justice and sustainability in the evolving urban landscapes of the twentyﬁrst century.