chapter
14 Pages

Introduction

Since emerging as a national political entity, Lebanon has struggled with the challenge of its historiography. The battle has been about the national and cultural content of Lebanese nationalism. In fact, the revision of Lebanon's history was another expression of Junblat's struggle against the confessional system. Besides the invention of the alphabet, Junblatt attributes to the Phoenicians the discovery of Europe in the second century BCE. In examining Junblat's reinterpretation, we can see how it strongly influenced Druze Lebanese historiography, and that later works by Druze intellectuals form a natural continuation of his pioneering work. Survey of even some of the literature reveals the negative attitude of Druze historians towards the Chehabi principality. The anti-Chehab bias appears in extreme form in commentaries on Emir Bashir II. In light of the demographic and political upheaval that have affected the Lebanese Druze since 1861, history, memory, and place became their main objects of identification.