The Druze and the Lebanese State: A Complex Dialectic
At a Lebanese cabinet meeting in March 1963, a fierce argument broke out between Junblat and the Phalange leader Pierre Jumayil. The theoretical model of political alienation that describes a community's political experience of alienation, as suggested by Schwartz, Barakat, Wright, Renshon, and others, does describe the Druze community's political experience. Based on the behavioral reaction models theorized by Schwartz and Barakat, the political behaviors of the Druze between the years 1943 and 1975 varied between conformism, reformism, and revolutionarism. The self-identity of the Druze in Lebanon is not monolithic. Kamal Junblat's appearance on the political scene effected the most significant change in Druze relations with the Lebanese state during the era of independence. The complex Druze attitude towards the Lebanese state leads to two conclusions relevant to research into the political history of the countries of the region.