Neuroimaging and antisocial behavior
This chapter discusses the foundational research in neuroimaging and antisocial behavior, using the aforementioned organizational frameworks. Biosocial approaches to criminology involve, at a very fundamental level, the examination of relationships between brain and behavior. Army medic Cesare Lombroso was the first to apply this concept to criminology, after observing unusual bone formations at the base of the skull of an Italian serial killer during a routine post-mortem examination in 1871. The overarching goal of most neuroimaging studies of antisocial behavior is to make precise structural or functional measurements of regions of interestin individuals characterized by crime, antisociality, or violence, and to compare these measurements with those of individuals without these characteristics. The temporal lobe of the brain is associated with several different functions: memory retention and storage, organization of sensory input, language production, visual perception, and emotional responses. The limbic system consists of a horseshoe-shaped rim of cortex and adjoining structures at the center of the brain.