chapter  9
29 Pages

AIDS in Developing Countries: A Comparative Epidemiologic Analysis

WithGeorge W. Lowis, Edwin van Teijlingen, William Sheremata

Tuberculosis has become one of the major manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Africa, because of the widespread prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection in the population. Serological tests are now available to identify symptomless patients in high-risk groups that have been exposed to the virus. Diagnosis may be confirmed by the presence of antibodies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or by a decline in T-4 helper cells. Aids is the leading cause of death in Abidjan, Kinshasa, and rural communities in Uganda and Tanzania. Large scale aggressive implementation by Sexually transmitted disease clinics, dedicated to the treatment and use of preventive vaccines against diseases, could have a major impact on the HIV/AIDS pandemic affecting developing countries.