Global Aspects of Citizenship Education: Challenges and Perspectives
This chapter contributes to the scholarship addressing global education pedagogies across a range of contexts. A key division in thinking about Global Education (GE) is between globally competitive education and education for living in a global world. Global education implies certain values; these values imply certain pedagogies and these pedagogics and values become what we call a "global stance". Taking a global stance can be understood in terms of Rosenblatt's transactional theory, which is when "the reader adopts a stance, bringing certain aspects into the center of attention and pushing others into the fringes of consciousness". Pedagogical approaches of inquiry related to learning for GE should encourage the development of social skills, such as working in groups, questioning, listening to others, and following directions. Students develop these skills as they interact effectively in class using pedagogical strategies such as cooperative learning. Global education as a relatively new, non-academic outcome within schooling systems shares many "fringe dweller" commonalities with environmental education.