Epilog: Facilitating Future Change in Men's Family Roles
Several studies (see reviews in Pleck, 1 983; Pleck, in press) demonstrate increases since the mid 1 960s in the average amount of time men spend in one central aspect of their family role, family work ( i .e . , housework and childcare). This increase is occurring at the same time that women's time in family roles is decreasing. The joint effect of these two trends is that in national time diary surveys, men's average proportion of the total family work performed by men and women rose from 20% to 30% between 1 965 and 1 980 (see data in Juster, in press). In the 1 975 national survey analyzed by Pleck (in press), high levels of family work by husbands are associated with positive family adjustment and overall well-being. Altogether. these results argue well for future enlargements in men's family roles .