chapter  13
13 Pages

Punjab state, India


In this chapter we employ MuSIASEM to study the link between the socioeconomic context of agricultural production in Punjab and the state of its environment. As illustrated in Part II of this book, MuSIASEM connects, in theoretical and quantitative terms, societal dynamics to their environmental impact across different levels of analysis. In the case of Punjab, four distinct levels are relevant: rural households, Punjab (state level), the Republic of India (national level) and the international markets. As regards the environmental impact, we focus on the overdraft of water for irrigation, which has been for years the most dominant environmental problem in the area (Dhawan 1993).