THE EASTERN MARGINS OF EMPIRE: COLONIALITY IN 19th CENTURY ROMANIA Manuela Boatca
Throughout the history of the modern world-system, its economic and political peripheries have consistently faced the charge of either a lack of modernity or a ‘lag’ in achieving it. The need to rethink modernity and to question its uniqueness has therefore often been the result of being defined along the lines of this deficit as ‘less than’, ‘not yet’, or simply ‘non-’modern. As such, it has recurrently surfaced in peripheral locations, which thus became the privileged loci of enunciation (Mignolo 2000) of theories critical of modernity and the philosophy of history inherent to it. Latin American dependency theory, emerged in response to the developmentalist perspective advocated by U.S. theorists of modernization in the 1950s and 1960s, is in this respect the bestknown, but by nomeans the only example. Themetaphors of core and periphery, intially conceptualized in this context, have long informed social scientific thinking and have as such taken a variety of forms (center-periphery, metropolissatellite, North-South). In most cases, they are however used without reference to a particular theoretical framework or are not even explicitly stated.