Completing the Lutheran Reformation: Ultra-nationalism, Christianity and the Possibility of ‘Clerical Fascism’ in Interwar Sweden Lena Berggren
The conundrum of the relation between religion and politics in the twentieth century runs the risk of becoming a bottomless bog for any scholar venturing into its depths without at least some tools for survival. In order to survive this plunge in the present survey, I will therefore start by drawing some demarcation lines. In this paper, I will stay clear of the discussion on fascism and other types of ultranationalism as political religions, both in general terms and when it comes to the Swedish example. Instead, this short survey will focus on how Christianity, predominantly evangelical Lutheranism, could be interpreted and incorporated into ultra-nationalism and fascism during the interwar period.