The Growth of National and Regional Tourism in Developing Countries: An Overview
Past trends in the expansion of tourism and the prognosis for continued growth have been favourably received by the business community and governments. Over 560 million people travelled abroad in 1995 with an estimated tourist expenditure of US$350 billion (WTO, 1997a, pp2 and 7), and projections for the year 2010 estimate 937 million international tourists. This makes tourism a very appealing strategy for promoting economic activity and growth (WTO, 1995a, p35). However, existing tourism policies in developing countries have tended to concentrate overwhelmingly on expanding international tourist arrivals from the North and have frequently ignored both the benefits and problems of the emerging phenomenon of mass tourism involving domestic and regional visitors.