chapter  3
The stability syndrome: US and EU democracy promotion in Tunisia
ByBrieg Tomos Powel
Pages 17

United States (US) and European Union (EU) strategies in the Middle East and North Africa

(MENA) region appear to have developed along similar lines. Both actors, for example, now

boast multilateral policy initiatives. The US pursues its Middle East Partnership Initiative

(MEPI) and, along with other G8 states, the Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA)

Partnership Initiative. The European Union meanwhile launched the Euro-Mediterranean

Partnership (EMP) in 1995, and followed this in 2003 with the European Neighbourhood

Policy (ENP). Tunisia is included in each of these four of these policies. As the policy titles

suggest, both the US and the EU have also increasingly emphasised the need for cooperation

and partnership with MENA states, thereby promoting a sense of inclusiveness in the region.