chapter  4
The impact of external actors on the distribution of power in the Middle East: the case of Egypt
ByVincent Durac
Pages 16

In recent years there has been debate but no consensus as to the impact of external promotion of

democracy and political reform on the internal politics of target states. The literature is divided

into at least two camps: those who actively support the notion and assume the efficacy of democ-

racy promotion from without, and those who are skeptical of its effectiveness or the possibility of

measuring any asserted impact.