chapter  3
State Institutions, Political Context and Parliamentary Election Legislation in Ukraine, 2000–2006
Pages 20

Instead of ushering in a period of stable democratic governance, Ukraine’s

2004 Orange Revolution spawned a return to infighting among members of

the former opposition, contentious implementation of constitutional reforms

that shifted authority from the president to parliament and the prime minister,

the dramatic defection of Oleksandr Moroz from the ‘Orange coalition’ to the

‘anti-crisis coalition’, and the return of Viktor Yanukovych to the post of

prime minister. Political actors’ decisions during this transition period from

the Kuchma-to the post-Kuchma era have been characterized by efforts to

maximize short-term advantages in a constantly shifting, politically

charged, partisan environment. However, short-term calculations influenced

by the political context of the moment are not limited to the post-Orange

Revolution period. Debates over election rule design and the introduction of

proportional representation (PR) manifested similar dynamics: shifts in beha-

viour prompted by short-term calculations and a fluid political context.