The Challenges, Best Practices and Pitfalls of Research on Physical and Sexual Violence Conducted by Humanitarian Actors in Emergencies
This chapter introduces the main risks that have been generally recognized as potentially stemming from doing research with survivors of sexual and physical violence in conflict and post-conflict societies. It spells out the way these risks can be either aggravated or minimized by research practices. The chapter explores the differences and similarities between the research ethical frameworks and praxis of academic institutions and that of relief and humanitarian organizations. It shows how the behavior of aid organizations and the attention they pay to ethical concerns can be situated on a spectrum, with some organizations being highly attentive and others almost disinterested in the aspect. It also illuminates some examples of practices that aid organizations routinely adopt and that could be proficiently applied in the realm of academia. Besides the harm directly inflicted by the sexual violence, gender-based violence (GBV) survivors often face a series of negative consequences when identified.