I n the ﬁrst chapter of Romans, Paul tells usthat the power and deity of God are evident from what he has created. One reading of this is that there is an argument from the content of what has been created. Thus, the Book of Wisdom, which may well have been the source of Paul’s ideas here, says that “from the greatness and beauty of created things their original author, by analogy, is seen” (13:5, New American Bible). This is a kind of teleological or design argument. But one might also argue cosmologically instead from general features of the universe, such as the fact that there is a universe at all, or that there are contingent states of aﬀairs, or that there is motion. Alternately, one might argue from something extremely speciﬁc, but where the details do not matter, such as the conjunction of all contingent facts.