Failed State or Political Inspiration?
Possessing a population with a limited education, the post-colonial Tanzanian state needed to develop a highly trained workforce for its expanding bureaucracy and education system. This chapter highlights the transnational aspects of Tanzania's institutional development and demonstrates the linkages between individual students and teachers with the Cold War world. Tanzanian students quickly realized the opportunities that scholarships to foreign universities offered and responded in a quick manner to new programs devoted to providing scholarships. The Peace Corps volunteers (PCVs) arriving in the country helped staff newly built schools and interacted with newly appointed Tanzanian teachers. As the role of the Peace Corps expanded and Tanzania moved further to the left during the late 1960s, PCVs provided critical feedback and suggestions for implementing Nyerere's famous 1967 'Arusha Declaration' and 'Education for Self Reliance' (ESR) programs.