HIV and STI Prevention for College Students
This chapter reviews the literature on sexual violence among college women, beginning with clarifying definitions of sexual victimization and citing prevalence rates and risk factors for college women. It explores the theoretical and empirical literature connecting sexual violence with Human Immune deficiency Virus (HIV)/Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) risk across populations. Within the sexual violence research literature, broader definitions have been constructed to acknowledge an array of sexual victimization. Sexual assault victims in college are more likely to engage in risky alcohol use than their non-assaulted counterparts, which has found to be both a risk factor and response to sexual victimization. HIV prevention efforts may be more effective if grounded in theories that incorporate social and environmental factors in addition to individual behavior, particularly among historically marginalized populations that show higher risk for HIV and STIs. The American College Health Association (ACHA) published Campus HIV Prevention Strategies to help colleges and universities better support HIV prevention and sexual health promotion.