chapter  7
12 Pages

Mental health in India I: Epidemiology, services and health systems

WithSantosh K. Chaturvedi, T. Sivakumar

India is the seventh largest country in the world with an approximate area of 3.3 million square kilometers. With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the second most populous country in the world. Every sixth person in the world is an Indian. Based on 2010 World Bank criteria, India belongs to the lower-middle-income group. It is a Himalayan task to organize mental health services for the diverse predominantly rural population. Economic constraints, scarcity of trained mental health professionals, ‘brain drain’, stigma and bureaucracy compound the problem (Thara et al., 2004).